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Imperial Gifts

At the end of World War I Great Britain had a large number of surplus aircraft. In order to establish air forces in the Dominions and stimulate the growth of aviation the British Cabinet decided, on 29th May 1919, to make a gift of 100 aircraft to each of Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Canada and India. In addition aircraft would be donated in order to replace the machines presented by the Dominions during the war.
New Zealand initially refused the offer but subsequently accepted 33 aircraft.

At 8th August 1921 the gifts were reported as:

Australia

AircraftEngines
Avro35Puma37
DH.928130hp Clerget44
DH.9A30180hp Hisp. Viper1
S.E.535200hp Hisp. Viper41
Liberty63
Total128186
Includes 28 extra DH.9 given to replace the gift of 41 aircraft at equivalent value (£160,000).

New Zealand

AircraftEngines
Avro20Puma12
Bristol Fighter2Mono26
DH.42Falcon 32
DH.99Eagle 82
Total3342

South Africa

AircraftEngines
Avro30Puma60
DH.410130hp Clerget40
DH.948Viper I28
S.E.522Eagle 810
90hp RAF4
Total110142
Includes 10 extra DH.4 given to replace the gift of 10 DH.9 aircraft at equivalent value.

Canada

AircraftEngines
Avro63B.R.21
Bristol Fighter1130hp Clerget71
DH.412Viper I16
DH.9A12Liberty28
S.E.5/S.E.5A12Falcon 32
Felixstowe F.38Eagle 840
Fairey IIIC1
Total109158
Includes 9 extra aircraft given to replace the gift of 18 aircraft at equivalent value.

India

AircraftEngines
Avro40Mono53
DH.960B.H.P71
Total100124

Slight changes to these totals were subsequently made following further negotiations.
Details of the actual serials and disposition of the aircraft can be found on the individual country pages below

Australia
New Zealand
South Africa
Canada
India